Becoming An Egg Donor: What It Entails

Egg Donor
For many women, the desire to have children is one of the most important aspects of their life, of their identity, even. Yet for millions of women, this dream might never come true without the help of egg donors. Egg donors are women who volunteer the use of their eggs for women and couples with fertility problems so that they can experience the miracle of carrying their own child. Women who can gestate a fetus to term but don’t have viable eggs themselves for whatever reason depend on the generosity of egg donors to help them. An egg donor could be someone that the infertile woman knows—her sister or a friend, for example but most often, egg donors are anonymous.


The actual age range of egg donors varies according to local law and the facility’s preference, but the range is usually somewhere between twenty and thirty years old, give or take a year either way.

Physical Health

Egg donors must be in good physical health. That means they should be within plus or minus twenty pounds of their ideal physical weight. They should not have any preexisting health conditions which would affect their fertility or their eggs. They must not be drug addicts or alcohol abusers. They’re also screened for STDs and other illnesses via blood tests and other panels.

Mental Health

Many egg donation facilities also require that egg donors pass a mental health requirement. This requirement may vary from facility to facility.

Family History

Genetic disorders are, of course, one of the major fears that a donor egg recipient might have. As a result, egg donors are screened very carefully for risks of genetic disorders and illnesses revealed in their family histories.

Willingness to Undergo the Procedure

This sounds like a given, but in truth, donating eggs requires quite a bit of the donor. That’s one of the reasons it is such a special gift to women who are infertile. Egg donor will have daily (or near daily) hormone injections in order to encourage their eggs to mature more quickly so that more eggs can be harvested at once. The procedure itself typically involves the use of a syringe, which the doctor guides via transvaginal ultrasound imagery.

A Big Heart

Most of all, being an egg donor requires having a big heart. It’s one of the most precious things that one woman can give to another – the opportunity to be a mother, and to carry a child to term. Being able to do so is more than a dream comes true for some women; it is literally their life goal. Egg donors, in many cases, make it possible for these women to fulfill that goal and know the magic of giving birth and holding her child in her arms for the first time. Being an egg donor has its challenges, but egg donors who have completed the process say it is one of the most fulfilling things they’ve ever accomplished.